Land, territory and natural resources
Human labor rights, Corporations
The State and human rights
Rights of human rights defenders
What are “ESCR”?
Economic, social and cultural rights (ESCR) are recognized in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in the International Covenant of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) and in the Mexican Constitution. They are rights created in order to meet people’s basic needs and to offer them a dignified life.
The ESCR were proclaimed as part of the “basic human rights” at the World Conference on Human Rights held in Vienna in 1993; this conference established their “universality, indivisibility, interdependence and interrelation.”
A key aspect of the ESCR are their justiciability, a concept referring to their enforceability in the law courts. The rights recognized by the ICESCR include the rights to work, to join trade unions, to strike, to access healthcare, to education, to social security, to culture. The access, exercise, justiciability and enforceability of economic, social and cultural rights help to build a more just and equitable society.